Thursday is dedicated to him. He is the second god from the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh. Mantras dedicated to Lord Vishnu are powerful and effective. Thursdays are governed by the planet Jupiter. Jupiter is known as Brihaspati. In Sanskrit, he is also called guru.
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Vasudavaye Dhimahi Tanno Vishnu Prachodayat". In the solar system, Guru, Brihaspati or Jupiter as his popularly known occupies the second largest position after the Sun. Jupiter is revered as celestial preceptor of the Gods. He grants the boon of fatherhood to the childless, good education. Thursdays are considered to be the best day for the worship of Jupiter. Following is the katha story which is recited by the devotee, who is fasting and praying to Brihaspati Dev on Thursdays -- Once Lord Indra, surrounded by many gods, Rishis, Kinnaras and Gondharvas sat on his throne in a proud mood.
As guru Brihaspati reached there all of them except Indra stood up to pay respect. Indra used to pay obedience to his guru regularly but he showed discourtesy at that time. Brihaspati felt bad and left his palace. As Brihaspati left the palace, Lord Indra realized his mistake and repented over his action. He felt that all his luxurious possessions were due to his guru blessings. Guru anger will turn it to dust. Indra decided to go to Brihaspati and tender apology for his action.
It may pacify his anger. He went to Brihaspati. Brihaspati intuited that Indra was coming to his Ashram. He avoided meeting out of anger and disappeared immediately. Lord Indra returned home disappointed. A demon god Vrishvarsha, sensed this situation and went to his guru Shukracharya.
Shukracharya permitted him. The demon god surrounded Indrapuri and made a sudden attack. In the absence of Guru Brihaspati blessings, the gods lost all battles one after the other. After his defeat, the gods went to Lord Brahma and related the whole story.
He begged for safety and asked for some strategy. Lord Brahma said, You have not done good by disgracing Brihaspati. Anyway go to Vishwaroopa the learned son of Twashta. Request him to become your priest. His blessings can save you. They went to Twashta and sought his blessings.
Twashta said, By becoming your priest, I do not want to lessen my virtues but you go to my son Vishwaroopa. He will oblige you by accepting your request for priesthood. All the gods went to Vishwaroopa and requested him to become their family priest for performing Yajna.
He accepted their request. Lord Indra was happy. He implored Vishwaroopa to perform a special Yajna for further gains. Vishwaroopa agreed. Vishwaroopa had three mouths. With one mouth he sucked the juice of Sompalli a special creeper. From the second mouth he used to drink wine.
He used his third mouth for eating meals. Vishwaroopa started performing Yajna. The demon gods were frightened. They thought a plan to undo the Yajna effects. Your mother is the daughter of a demon god. While performing Yajna kindly make some offerings in the names of demon gods for their happiness. Vishwaroopa agreed to his request. He made some silent offerings to demon gods so that no one may hear it.
When Lord Indra came to know the treachery, he beheaded Vishwaroopa in a state of extreme anger. One of his mouth from which he took wine, turned into a black bee.
The second which he used for sucking Sompalli juice became a pigeon while the third one used for taking meals was transformed into a partridge. All the gods made repentance for one year but it had no effect on Indra. They approached Lord Brahma for seeking some remedy to redeem Indra from the sacrilege. Lord Brahma accompanied by Brihaspati went to Indra. He divided the sacrilege four parts. The first part was given to the earth.
As a result the earth became uneven. Some of its portion became barren but as a boon he said that the earth would develop power to fill the khuds automatically.
The second part of the sacrilege was given to the trees and as a result they began to ooze gum but as a boon he said that the gum of guggul - bdellium olibanum - will be treated pure and they would have the power to rebud from their roots though their upper portion may be dried up.
The third part of the sacrilege was given to the woman folk and so they experience menstruation. As a boon he blessed them to the pure or chaste on the fourth day and capable to give birth to children. The fourth portion. As a result it is covered with aquatic plant or Shaivaal. As a boon the object in which it is added gains weight.
In this way Lord Brahma freed Indra from the heinous crime by dividing it into four places. Who so ever reads or listens this story is blessed by Brihaspati.
Eliminates the malefic effects of Jupiter like wind problems etc. He is the spiritual master of all the demigods and sages. His complexion is golden, and he is full of intelligence. He is the controlling lord of all three worlds. By His teaching and example, he shows how a human being can raise himself to the higher grade of life.
बृहस्पतिवार व्रत कथा
Such people suffer at both personal and professional front. To appease Lord Brihaspati or Jupiter people observe fast on Thursdays. Fast observed on Thursday gives the person power to improve his health and strengthen his financial condition. Prayers are offered by people to BrihaspatiMahadev after reading Kathaa in the evening which completes the fast. Fast on Thursday can be kept for life time.
He has a strange story of his birth. However she repented for her mistake and was able to regain the favor of Angiraa. Angiraa then gave life to the child, who was then named Brihaspati. Brihaspati had two wives - Shubh and Taaraa. Hs first wife Shubh gave birth to 7 daughters - Bhaanumatee, Raakaa, Archishmatee, Mahaamatee, Mahishmatee, Sineevaalee, and Havishmatee; his second wife Taaraa gave birth to 7 sons and one daughter.
गुरूवार व्रत की विधि और व्रत कथा- Bhraspativar (Guruvar) Vrat Katha
Brihaspati Vrat Vidhi