EREWHON REVISITED PDF

Content[ edit ] The greater part of the book consists of a description of Erewhon. The nature of this nation is intended to be ambiguous. At first glance, Erewhon appears to be a Utopia , yet it soon becomes clear that this is far from the case. It can also be compared to the William Morris novel, News from Nowhere. Erewhon satirises various aspects of Victorian society , including criminal punishment, religion and anthropocentrism.

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Content[ edit ] The greater part of the book consists of a description of Erewhon. The nature of this nation is intended to be ambiguous. At first glance, Erewhon appears to be a Utopia , yet it soon becomes clear that this is far from the case. It can also be compared to the William Morris novel, News from Nowhere. Erewhon satirises various aspects of Victorian society , including criminal punishment, religion and anthropocentrism.

For example, according to Erewhonian law, offenders are treated as if they were ill, whereas ill people are looked upon as criminals. Another feature of Erewhon is the absence of machines; this is due to the widely shared perception by the Erewhonians that they are potentially dangerous. The Book of the Machines[ edit ] Butler developed the three chapters of Erewhon that make up "The Book of the Machines" from a number of articles that he had contributed to The Press , which had just begun publication in Christchurch , New Zealand, beginning with " Darwin among the Machines " Butler was the first to write about the possibility that machines might develop consciousness by Darwinian selection.

Nothing could be further from my intention, and few things would be more distasteful to me than any attempt to laugh at Mr. He eventually abandons Higgs. Her name is Mary spelled backwards.

His name is Robinson Jones backwards. Her name is Aroluz backwards. Mahaina—A woman who claims to suffer from alcoholism but is believed to have a weak temperament. Ydgrun—The incomprehensible goddess of the Erewhonians. Her name is an anagram of Grundy from Mrs.

In a broadcast, George Orwell praised the book and said that when Butler wrote Erewhon it needed "imagination of a very high order to see that machinery could be dangerous as well as useful. For another, he is not content to say that organisms are machines, but asserts that they contain such an abundance of parts that they must be compared to very different parts of distinct machines, each relating to the others, engendered in combination with the others He shatters the vitalist argument by calling in question the specific or personal unity of the organism, and the mechanist argument even more decisively, by calling in question the structural unity of the machine.

Retrieved 5 March — via Internet Archive.

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Erewhon, Erewhon Revisited

Higgs returns to Erewhon and meets his former lover Yram, who is now the mother of his son George. He discovers that he is now worshipped as "the Sunchild", his escape having been interpreted as an ascension into heaven , and that a church of Sunchildism has sprung up. He finds himself in danger from the villainous Professors Hanky and Panky, who are determined to protect Sunchildism from him. The Swiftian device of setting his satire in a fictional culture enabled Butler, as the critic Elinor Shaffer has written, "to analyse the phenomena of religion from their point of genesis, while disclaiming all responsibility for their uncanny parallels to certain known religions. When Butler submitted the manuscript to the respectable and long-established house of Longman , who had in recent years become his regular publishers, they rejected it for fear of offending their High Church clientele, even when Butler offered to pay the costs himself.

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You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www. Fifield edition by David Price, email ccx coventry. Higgs, as I suppose I may now call him, had made his escape in the balloon with Arowhena. Given a people in the conditions supposed to exist in Erewhon, and given the apparently miraculous ascent of a remarkable stranger into the heavens with an earthly bride—what would be the effect on the people generally? There was no use in trying to solve this problem before, say, twenty years should have given time for Erewhonian developments to assume something like permanent shape, and in I was too busy with books now published to be able to attend to Erewhon. It was not till the early winter of , i.

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