HIPPOCAMELUS ANTISENSIS PDF

Description[ edit ] Tarucas are medium-sized deer with heavy bodies. As with most deer, males are significantly larger than females. While females often have a dark brown area on the forehead, facial markings are much clearer in the males. The exact patterns vary between different males, but in general there is a black behind the nose, and a black Y or V pattern over the forehead and snout. Unlike all other South American deer, except for the closely related huemul , the antlers consist of just two tines, branching close to the base, and with the posterior tine being the larger. Males also possess canine teeth in their upper jaw, which females usually, but not always, lack.

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Description[ edit ] Tarucas are medium-sized deer with heavy bodies. As with most deer, males are significantly larger than females. While females often have a dark brown area on the forehead, facial markings are much clearer in the males.

The exact patterns vary between different males, but in general there is a black behind the nose, and a black Y or V pattern over the forehead and snout. Unlike all other South American deer, except for the closely related huemul , the antlers consist of just two tines, branching close to the base, and with the posterior tine being the larger.

Males also possess canine teeth in their upper jaw, which females usually, but not always, lack. Within this region, they are found in grasslands marked by occasional shrubs and rocky outcrops, typically close to water. Diet and behaviour[ edit ] Despite living in grasslands, tarucas feed mainly on the local bushes, shrubs, and herbs for much of the year, although they supplement this diet with grasses during the rainy season.

Plants commonly eaten include dwarf gentian , ragworts , lupins , senna , valerian , and clubmosses. Tarucas may also feed on agricultural crops, such as alfalfa , barley , and potato plants.

Their populations are scattered, due to their need for relatively specialised habitats, with population densities as low as 0. Individual groups are typically led by the females. Males drop their antlers immediately after the breeding season finishes, in September, with the new pair beginning to grow in December, and losing the velvet by February.

Pregnancy lasts for days, so that the single fawn is born between January and March, coinciding with the rainy season. Twins have been observed in captivity, but are rare. The mother leaves the group in order to give birth, and keeps the fawn hidden behind rocky outcrops for the first month of life.

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Hippocamelus antisensis

Extant species[ edit ] The huemul Hippocamelus bisulcus , also known as the South Andean deer, is found in Chile and Argentina. Huemuls live in groups of varying size, typically of two or three individuals, but sometimes as many as eleven. In the past, groups of over a hundred deer were reported. Huemul occur in several national parks in Chile and neighbouring parts of Argentina and have been on the Endangered list since They are endangered primarily due to human impacts such as deforestation, habitat fragmentation by roads, introduction of non-native mammals such as farm animals, and poaching. They are in a classic "extinction spiral" marked by increasingly small, isolated populations.

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Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis)

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