Naik is a scholar of Indian English literature and this book will shed any doubts if someone has about this idea. His analysis of issues; his style of introducing the students to ideas; his recognition of important figures and his writing in general The book M. The book could have been a little lengthier and it could accommodate more than what it has now. What I like the most in the book are: 1. A brief historical, social, political background of the age with its general thought process before going to the literary one.
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Raja Rao M. Eng , M. Phil, Ph. It is also associated with the works of members of the Indian diaspora, such as V. It is frequently referred to as Indo-Anglian literature.
Indo-Anglian is a specific term in the sole context of writing that should not be confused with the term Anglo-Indian. As a category, this production comes under the broader realm of postcolonial literature- the production from previously colonised countries such as India. History IEL has a relatively recent history, it is only one and a half centuries old. In its early stages it was influenced by the Western art form of the novel. Early Indian writers used English unadulterated by Indian words to convey an experience which was essentially Indian.
Nirad C. Chaudhuri, a writer of non-fiction, is best known for his The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian where he relates his life experiences and influences. Lal, a poet, translator, publisher and essayist, founded a press in the s for Indian English writing, Writers Workshop. Narayan is a writer who contributed over many decades and who continued to write till his death recently.
He was discovered byGraham Greene in the sense that the latter helped him find a publisher in England. Graham Greene and Narayan remained close friends till the end. Some criticise Narayan for the parochial, detached and closed world that he created in the face of the changing conditions in India at the times in which the stories are set.
Others, such as Graham Greene, however, feel that through Malgudi they could vividly understand the Indian experience. Among the later writers, the most notable is Salman Rushdie, born in India, now living in the United Kingdom. He used a hybrid language — English generously peppered with Indian terms — to convey a theme that could be seen as representing the vast canvas of India.
Being a self-confessed fan ofJane Austen, his attention is on the story, its details and its twists and turns. Vikram Seth is notable both as an accomplished novelist and poet. Shashi Tharoor, in his The Great Indian Novel , follows a story-telling though in a satirical mode as in the Mahabharata drawing his ideas by going back and forth in time. His work as UN official living outside India has given him a vantage point that helps construct an objective Indianness.
In his book, Amit Chaudhuri questions — "Can it be true that Indian writing, that endlessly rich, complex and problematic entity, is to be represented by a handful of writers who write in English, who live in England or America and whom one might have met at a party?
He contrasts this with the works of earlier writers such as Narayan where the use of English is pure, but the deciphering of meaning needs cultural familiarity.
He also feels that Indianness is a theme constructed only in IWE and does not articulate itself in the vernacular literatures. He further adds "the post-colonial novel, becomes a trope for an ideal hybridity by which the West celebrates not so much Indianness, whatever that infinitely complex thing is, but its own historical quest, its reinterpretation of itself".
Some of these arguments form an integral part of what is called postcolonial theory. The renowned writer V. Naipaul, a third generation Indian from Trinidad and Tobago and a Nobel prize laureate, is a person who belongs to the world and usually not classified under IWE. Naipaul evokes ideas of homeland, rootlessness and his own personal feelings towards India in many of his books.
Jhumpa Lahiri, a Pulitzer prize winner from the U. Recent writers in India such as Arundhati Roy and David Davidar show a direction towards contextuality and rootedness in their works. Arundhati Roy, a trained architect and the Booker prize winner for her The God of Small Things, calls herself a "home grown" writer. Her award winning book is set in the immensely physical landscape of Kerala.
In both the books, geography and politics are integral to the narrative. In his novel Lament of Mohini , Shreekumar Varma touches upon the unique matriarchal system and the sammandham system of marriage as he writes about the Namboodiris and the aristocrats of Kerala.
Poetry A much over-looked category of Indian writing in English is poetry. As stated above, Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and English and was responsible for the translations of his own work into English.
A generation of exiles also sprang from the Indian diaspora. In modern times, Indian poetry in English was typified by two very different poets. Dom Moraes, winner of the Hawthornden Prize at the age of 19 for his first book of poems A Beginningwent on to occupy a pre-eminent position among Indian poets writing in English.
During the last four decades this bilingual literary movement has included Richard Kostelanetz, John M. Vattacharja Chandan is a central figure who contrived the movement.
Prakalpana fiction is a fusion of prose, poetry, play, essay, and pictures.
HISTORY OF INDIAN ENGLISH LITERATURE M.K.NAIK PDF
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A History Of Indian English Literature