AVL List Gmbh No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language, or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual, or otherwise, without prior written consent of AVL. It does not attempt to discuss all of concepts of vehicle simulation that are required to obtain successful solutions. This software and document are distributed solely on an "as is" basis. The entire risk as to their quality and performance is with the user.
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AVL List Gmbh No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language, or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual, or otherwise, without prior written consent of AVL.
It does not attempt to discuss all of concepts of vehicle simulation that are required to obtain successful solutions. This software and document are distributed solely on an "as is" basis. The entire risk as to their quality and performance is with the user. Should either the software or this document prove defective, the user and not AVL or its distributors assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, or correction.
AVL and its distributors will not be liable for direct, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software or this document, even if they have been advised of the possibility of such damage. User Qualification It is recommended that the user has a basic understanding of the GUI before beginning this example.
Symbols The following symbols are used throughout this manual. Safety warnings must be strictly observed during operation and service of the system or its components. Caution: Cautions describe conditions, practices or procedures which could result in damage to, or destruction of data if not strictly observed or remedied.
Convention Italics monospace Note: Notes provide important supplementary information. Meaning For emphasis, to introduce a new term or for manual titles. A MenuOpt font is used for the names of menu options, submenus and screen buttons. Configurations Software configurations described in this manual were in effect on the publication date of this manual. Workflow The following steps are recommended for the workflow: 1.
Click on a component group and select a component by clicking it with the left mouse button. Keep the left mouse button pressed and drag it into the vehicle model area. Connections The two types of connections are described as follows: Mechanical Connection Energetic Connections Exhaust Connection Electrical Connection Informational Connection Informational Connection Energetic: Connections which transfer energy are divided by the type of energy which is transferred into the following groups:?
Mechanical Exhaust System Electrical The energetic connections are established by poly-lines between the pins. Informational: Information to the Data Bus is the only informational connection. The energetic connections are represented in the form of lines on the screen. The components with informational connections have only a small colored arrow on the left bottom corner of the symbol.
To connect the different modules with information-flow, open the Data Bus dialog by double clicking with the left mouse button on the colored lines red, green, and blue at the bottom of the Vehicle Modeler.
In the second column Input Information Load Signal. Signals that are marked in blue in this column have to be connected; signals marked in black are optional. After selecting a signal in the second column, in the third column Component Cockpit; in this case the only component that can deliver a Load Signal.
In the fourth column Output Information In CRUISE a pre-selection is done so that only the components that can provide the input information as requested in the second column are presented in the third and fourth columns in this case only the Cockpit can deliver an information like the Load Signal. For this example the Cockpit delivers the information about the actual Load Signal to the engine, where it is used to determine the output torque. The Primer. Figure Layout and Platform Selection Window Select a layout, select a platform and then click start.
Enter a name and select OK. The new name will appear in the projects tree. Select this new project with the right mouse button and select new version. Enter the new version name or keep the default version name.
Select OK. Select the version with the right mouse button and select save. All files and subdirectories required for the project management are created. Create Vehicle Model 1. To place a component in the working area, click on the component group with the left mouse button, move the mouse over the required component and then click and drag the component.
Place the following components in the working area:? Arrange the components as shown in the following figure. Component Input Data 3. Vehicle Double click on the Vehicle or click on it with the right mouse button and select Edit and enter the following data. Engine Double click on the Engine and enter the following data. Add rows by clicking on. Enter the following data.
Motoring Curve Click on the Motoring Curve tab. Engine Maps Basic Load the data for the Fuel Consumption Map by clicking on the button next to the name of the map Then select load and from file from the context menu. Clutch Double click on the Clutch and enter the following data. Pressure Force Click on the Pressure Force tab. Add rows by clicking on a 0 33 66 Then click on Update to display the curve.
Gear Box Double click on the Gear Box and enter the following data. Comment Gear Ratio Table a 0 1 2 3 4 5 b 1 3. Add rows by clicking on Enter the following data. Double click on the Wheel and enter the following data.
Rolling Radius Click on the Rolling Radius tab and enter the following data. Add rows by clicking on following data. Enter the 3. Double click on the Brake and enter the following data. Differential Double click on the Differential and enter the following data.
Cockpit Double click on the Cockpit and enter the following data. Enter the following data for both: a 0 b 0 Click on the Brake Pedal Characteristic tab. Monitor Click on the Description of Data Bus tab and click on to open the following dialog. Enter the text for to select the Unit.
Connections: Energetic? Note: Some components do not need links and can stand alone i. Components such as clutch, brake, wheel may not be connected correctly. Move connecting pin to desired position. Primer b. To connect, right-click on the connecting pin. Then, from the context menu, select Connect. Drag the line to the other connecting pin and click with the left mouse button.
Note: Only the same type of connecting pins can be connected. Connection line is now complete. Complete the connection lines on the rest of the components as shown in Figure Note: Some components have more than one pin e. When connecting the components make sure that the connections are made correct input should always be the engine side , otherwise the transmission can work in the wrong direction!
Most of the components have all the required connectors. The mechanical diagram is as follows: For a better representation pins can also be cloned. By cloning the existing pin on the Brake component, the user can create two connections: one to connect the Brake to the Wheel component and one to connect to the Transmission.
By cloning the pin, all input data and output data for both pins is cloned. Select the connecting pin as if you were choosing Connect, but choose Clone Pin from the context menu.
This creates another connection on Brake, which should be moved to the appropriate spot. Connections: Informational 1. When all connections are complete, open the Data Bus by double clicking on the colored lines red, green and blue at the bottom of the screen. The Data Bus makes the necessary connections and options for informational connections in the system. In the Data Bus window, the four columns contain items that must be linked together correctly.
All items marked in blue must be connected. In the first column, click on Engine and Load Signal appears in the second column. Click on Load Signal and Cockpit appears in the third column. Click on Cockpit and Load Signal appears in the fourth column. If all is correct, click on Load Signal in the fourth column. The aforementioned objects in Columns B, C and D will now have the red, green, and blue lines before them. If all necessary connections for a component are made, this component name will be marked bold and gets a green tick in front of the name.
Connect the components as described in the following table.
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We have over 15 years of experience under our belts in hybrid and e-vehicle development and have a profound knowledge of e-drive and actuators. Challenges: To reach a zero-emission mobility the electrification of vehicle powertrains will be necessary. How to combine compact and lightweight construction of high-power electronics under considering of passenger security? How to fit new technologies like SiC for e-Drive applications to extend functionality and maximize the performance? How to ensure safe operation in every environmental condition and for all areas of application? How to achieve a faster market entrance by efficient development? AVL offers a range of services for e-drives: Concepts — from the simulation of electric systems to the prototype Series development — design, simulation, integration, testing and verification Component development - motors, generators, power electronics and actuators E-Drive Software development for electronics EMC design and simulation Testing and validation of performance, functionality and EMC Electrification of auxiliary systems and accessories Solutions We develop single e-components but also integrated e-Drives for electric powertrains on every application of use.
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Scope of Business: Development of Powertrain Systems: AVL develops and improves all kinds of powertrain systems and is a competent partner to the engine and automotive industry. In addition AVL develops and markets the simulation methods which are necessary for the development work. Engine Instrumentation and Test Systems : The products of this business area comprise all the instruments and systems required for engine and vehicle testing. Advanced Simulation Technologies: The developed simulation software is focusing on design and optimization of powertrain systems and covers all phases of the development process. Through extensive customer partnership, MotionSolve is thoroughly validated for quality, robustness and speed.