Foundations[ edit ] The Birla family origins lie with the Maheshwari caste of Vaishya traders but they were outcast from their traditional community in when one of their member, Rameshwar Das Birla , was thought to have broken the caste marriage rules. The family originates from the town of Pilani in the Shekhawati region in North-east Rajasthan. They still maintain their residence in Pilani  and run several educational institutions there, including the BITS, Pilani. Shiv Narayan Birla[ edit ] In Pilani during the early 19th century lived Seth Shobharam, grandson of Seth Bhudharmal, a local tradesman of modest means.
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In A. Baldeo Das Birla went to Bombay in search of new avenues of trade. The firms started business in silver, cotton, grain and other commodities. Ghanshyam Das was the most successful of the four brothers. Business of Birla Family[ edit ] Birla inherited the family business and moved to further diversify them into other areas.
Of these, at least three contemporary family business groups existing in India today can trace their ancestry to him. Of these businesses, he wanted to turn the moneylending business into manufacturing. There, he began "[i]ndependently as a jute broker".
He had to scale a number of obstacles as the British and Scottish merchants tried to shut his business by unethical and monopolistic methods, but he was able to persevere. A mill was set up in Gwalior in the same year. After independence, Birla invested in tea and textiles through a series of acquisitions of erstwhile European companies. He also expanded and diversified into cement, chemicals, rayon and steel tubes.
Ghanshyam Das Birla during the Quit India Movement of , had conceived the idea of organising a commercial bank with Indian capital and management, and the United Commercial Bank Limited was incorporated to give shape to that idea. Moreover, G. Birla Memorial School, Ranikhet , a premier residential school has also been established in his honour by his son B. It comprises a large statue overlooking the gardens with an inscription.
He died in at the age of Relationship with Gandhi[ edit ] Birla was a close associate and a steady supporter of Mahatma Gandhi , whom he met for the first time in Writings by Ghanshyam Das Birla[ edit ] His writings are mainly collections of memoirs, letters, essays and lectures.
Birla Family Tree
G. D. Birla
40 years ago... and now: Birlas - A family that hit the headlines over a will