CHRISTOPH LUXENBERG PDF

Scholars and writers in Islamic countries who have ignored that warning have sometimes found themselves the target of death threats and violence, sending a chill through universities around the world. Christoph Luxenberg, a scholar of ancient Semitic languages in Germany, argues that the Koran has been misread and mistranslated for centuries. Verlag Das Arabische Buch in Berlin ultimately published the book. The caution is not surprising.

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We may thus establish that post-Koranic Arabic literature developed by degrees, in the period following the work of al-Khalil bin Ahmad, who died in , the founder of Arabic lexicography kitab al-ayn , and of Sibawayh , who died in , to whom the grammar of classical Arabic is due.

The Arabs of that region had been Christianized and instructed by Syrian Christians. Their liturgical language was Syro-Aramaic. And this was the vehicle of their culture, and more generally the language of written communication.

They pressed on toward distant territories, all the way to the borders of China and the western coast of India , in addition to the entire Arabian peninsula all the way to Yemen and Ethiopia. It is thus rather probable that, in order to proclaim the Christian message to the Arabic peoples, they would have used among others the language of the Bedouins , or Arabic. In order to spread the Gospel , they necessarily made use of a mishmash of languages. But in an era in which Arabic was just an assembly of dialects and had no written form, the missionaries had no choice but to resort to their own literary language and their own culture; that is, to Syro-Aramaic.

The result was that the language of the Koran was born as a written Arabic language, but one of Arab-Aramaic derivation. The most widely circulated version[4][6][7] claims that he is a German scholar of Semitic languages. So, for example, the virgins who are supposedly awaiting good Islamic martyrs as their reward in paradise are in reality "white raisins" of crystal clarity rather than fair maidens.

The famous passage about the virgins is based on the word hur, which is an adjective in the feminine plural meaning simply "white. In both ancient Aramaic and in at least one respected dictionary of early Arabic hur means "white raisin.

We cannot go into the technical details of his methodology but it allows Luxenberg, to the probable horror of all Muslim males dreaming of sexual bliss in the Muslim hereafter, to conjure away the wide-eyed houris promised to the faithful in suras XLIV. Luxenberg claims that the context makes it clear that it is food and drink that is being offered, and not unsullied maidens or houris.

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Scholars Are Quietly Offering New Theories of the Koran

Thesis[ edit ] The work advances the thesis that critical sections of the Quran have been misread by generations of readers and Muslim and Western scholars, who consider Classical Arabic the language of the Quran. It is not just the findings of this study that have led to this insight. Namely, in the framework of this study an examination of a series of hadith sayings of the Prophet has identified Aramaisms that had either been misinterpreted or were inexplicable from the point of view of Arabic. This would lead one to assume that Mecca was originally an Aramaic settlement. Confirmation of this would come from the name Mecca Macca itself, which one has not been able to explain etymologically on the basis of Arabic. Arabic diacritics were added around the turn of the eighth century on orders of al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf , governor of Iraq —

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"Der Koran erklärt die Bibel auf Arabisch"

We may thus establish that post-Koranic Arabic literature developed by degrees, in the period following the work of al-Khalil bin Ahmad , who died in , the founder of Arabic lexicography kitab al-ayn , and of Sibawayh , who died in , to whom the grammar of classical Arabic is due. The Arabs of that region had been Christianized and instructed by Syrian Christians. Their liturgical language was Syro-Aramaic. And this was the vehicle of their culture, and more generally the language of written communication. They pressed on toward distant territories, all the way to the borders of China and the western coast of India , in addition to the entire Arabian peninsula all the way to Yemen and Ethiopia. It is thus rather probable that, in order to proclaim the Christian message to the Arabic peoples, they would have used among others the language of the Bedouins , or Arabic.

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Christoph Luxenberg

Christoph Luxenberg: Ich denke schon. Beide haben gemeinsame Wurzeln, aber Unterschiede in der Bedeutung. Aus dem Kontext heraus wird jedoch klar: Es geht um das Paradies, den himmlischen Garten. Die Rebe fehlt in koranischen Beschreibungen des irdischen Gartens nie.

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