On the day of the reception, at Edo Castle , Asano drew his short sword and attempted to kill Kira. His reasons are not known, but many purport that an insult may have provoked him. For this act, he was sentenced to commit seppuku , but Kira did not receive any punishment. They then turned themselves in to the authorities, and were sentenced to commit seppuku, which they all did on the same day that year. However, as John Allen Tucker  points out that definition glosses over the religious meaning behind the term.
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He studied the Japanese language at the U. In the interim, in ,  he also studied at Kyoto University , and earned a Ph. Kerr invited Keene to study Japanese in the summer to learn Japanese from a student he taught in Taiwan, for Kerr to have competition when learning Japanese. Their tutor was Inomata Tadashi, and they were taught elementary spoken Japanese and kanji. While staying at Cambridge, after winning a fellowship for Americans to study in England, Keene went to meet Arthur Waley who was best known for his translation work in classical Chinese and Japanese literature.
Career[ edit ] Keene was a Japanologist who published about 25 books in English on Japanese topics, including both studies of Japanese literature and culture and translations of Japanese classical and modern literature, including a four-volume history of Japanese literature which has become the standard work.
This required him to relinquish his American citizenship , as Japan does not permit dual citizenship. Jp trans. Donald Keene with Herbert E.
Chushingura by Donald Keene