GIOVANNI SEMERANO PDF

Sulla base di questa interpretazione, Semerano rilegge dunque tutto lo sviluppo della filosofia precedente la sofistica in una chiave anti- idealista e anti- metafisica , riconducendo la filosofia presocratica essenzialmente ad una fisica corpuscolare, che accomunerebbe tra gli altri Anassimandro , Talete e Democrito. Il grande Graziadio Isaia Ascoli , primo tra i glottologi italiani, molto apprezzato da Semerano, era egli stesso convinto del "nesso ario-semitico". Secondo Semerano, la storia e il senso di ogni lingua umana si troverebbe soltanto e unicamente nel contesto di tutte le altre lingue, che insieme formerebbero la lingua umana in generale. Semerano ritiene inoltre che il metodo comparativo adottato dalla linguistica, per essere scientificamente valido dovrebbe essere universale, ovvero applicabile a tutti i casi e non soltanto ad alcuni. Dibattito critico[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] I suoi lavori e la sua teoria hanno suscitato accesi dibattiti e reazioni contrastanti.

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Theory[ edit ] Semerano rejected the Indoeuropean theory - taken for granted by mainstream historical linguistics. He highlighted the fact that Indoeuropean is only a constructed language, with no written records.

Through comparison of a huge amount of words without convincing etymology in European languages, he supposes that these originated in Mesopotamia , from the Akkadian and Sumerian languages. He is extensively quoted by Jacques R. Pauwels in his book, Beneath the Dust of Time - also a non-linguist. Works[ edit ] The Origins of European Culture[ edit ] The origins of the European culture not yet translated into English has as subtitle Rivelazioni della linguistica storica Revelations of historic linguistics - Leo Olschki, Florence It is divided into 4 volumes, two of which are etymological dictionaries of Greek and Latin and modern entries.

They treat thousands of ancient and modern words of European languages, that should be related to the age-old Semitic languages. The book starts by assuming an old cultural protohistoric unity of Europe and the Middle East , on the basis of a Mesopotamic derivation of many geographic and ethnic terms.

The original meaning of the name of many cities, people, rivers, characters, belongings, typical verbs of thought and hand activities are also usually included in a generic Mediterranean substrate that gathers all that cannot be categorized in the Indoeuropean linguistic framework Continental. The author suggests that the Akkadian language , the language with the oldest and widest written records, should be rather used as an alternative reference framework, since it also belongs to the family of Semitic languages and has the oldest evidence of Sumerian substrate, like the tens of thousands of tablets written in cuneiform, discovered in the archives of the old city of Ebla in Syria Assyria and dug out by the archaeologists during an Italian mission in According to the author this linguistic framework proves the influence that Mesopotamia had on European civilizations, radiated along the Continental path of the Danube and along the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea , from Africa to Ireland.

This allows the author to reinterpret radically the entire environment of Archaic and Classic Greece, no longer regarded as a miraculous island of rationality, but as a part of a unique community including Mesopotamia , Anatolia and Egypt. On the basis of this interpretation, Semerano reviews the whole development of previous sophistic philosophy with an anti-idealistic and anti-metaphysic principle, reconsidering the differences and similarities between ancient thinkers and ascribing most of them to corpuscular physics , that brings together Anaximander , Thales and Democritus.

He does not consider subsequent modifications for instance, the so-called wave model, in German Wellentheorie , that could correct and refine the first hypotheses. For example, the decipherment successfully completed and enriched through the introduction of new historical data of Hittite tablets started from the point that it was an Indoeuropean language written in the cuneiform script.

Semerano seems to have simply used dictionaries of various languages with little methodological scruple, often deliberately ignoring grammatical structure.

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