E-Mail send to a friend folios on paper, watermark, two types of Ox head, Piccard volume 2, Abt. X, , , numerous localities, including Alpirsbach, Bamberg, Bubenhofen, Giengen, Hagenau Kaufbeuren, Kempten, Strassburg, etc, and XI, , , Bruck, Lienz, Mulldorf, Toblach, Trient, Halle , modern foliation in pencil top outer corner recto, previous incomplete modern foliation began on f. Dimensions x mm. Only one possible previous sale of this text identified in the Schoenberg Database no.
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De Secretis Mulierum is primarily a work of popularized natural philosophy. Conception is said to take place, therefore, when the two seeds are received in the womb in a place that nature has chosen. And after these seeds are received, the womb closes up like a purse on every side, so that nothing can fall out of it. After this happens, the woman no longer menstruates.
What makes De Secretis Mulierum distinctive relative to popular natural philosophy is its focus on women. He believed that women urinate through their vaginas. For example, in discussing impediments to conception, he declared: Sometimes it is caused by excessive fatness of the body because fat surrounding the opening of the womb constricts it and does not allow the male semen to enter.
This can be seen in a woman whose kidneys are hidden and buried in fat on every side. If a woman of this sort receives semen during coitus, it cannot enter the womb, and so she ejects it with her urine. Thus if you examine her urine after coitus, you will be able to tell whether or not the semen is collected in the womb. De Secretis Mulierum stimulated sensational claims.
A medieval commentary on it added discussion of miraculous conception: it often happens that a woman conceives if she is in a bath where a man ejaculated because the vulva strongly attracts the sperm, and the sperm at this point is vigorous and has not evaporated, so that it can produce a fetus. This has been attested to by experience. The medieval commentary on De Secretis Mulierum also added discussion of hermaphroditic generation from cat semen: If a cat ejaculated on some sage, and a man ate some of this sage, then cats would be generated in his stomach and would have to be expelled by vomiting.
De Secretis Mulierum provided sensational entertainment under the cover of informing. For good evolutionary-biological reasons , men are particularly concerned to ascertain the sexual fidelity of women with whom they seek a long-term intimate relationship. This is the reason why when young women first lose their virginity they have pain in the vagina for a time, because it is being enlarged and disposed for coitus.
Another reason for this pain is that there is a certain skin in the vagina and the bladder which is broken. But the more they have sex, the more they become accustomed to it. The chapter includes sensational questions for discussion: if, when a man and woman are having sexual intercourse, a thunderbolt strikes, can the seed receive a new impression at the moment of ejaculation which would dispose it to be something other than its particular nature intends?
The most important secrets of women are clarified in modern scholarly study of De Secretis Mulierum. We can regard each of their treatises as moving progressively toward the ultimate consequences of such a mode of thinking — extermination of those who most embody the evil carnality that is so feared. Pseudo-Albert fuses theological and scientific tenets and lays the groundwork for a new kind of misogynistic document. The Dominican authors then incorporate both the spirit and the letter of the Secrets into their virulent verbal attacks on the female gender, which forms the basis for a much more serious assault on women by the inquisitorial procedure itself.
But modern study of De Secretis Mulierum clearly reveals them.
Albertus Magnus (1193?-1280)
Albert Magnus De secretis mulierum… Amstelodami: Apud lodocum lanssonium, Fulltext online Albertus Magnus, …De secretis mulierum…. This small volume measures about 5 by 3 inches and is clad in a smooth gilded leather. Albertus Magnus, …De secretis mulierum…. Albert the Great was a German scholastic theologian whose books on theology and science during his lifetime were as influential as the work of Artistotle. A Dominican friar, Albert was among those in religious orders who were forbidden to write about medicine, not because of any ecclesiastical prejudice against medical knowledge, but because of efforts to curb avarice and absenteeism. Perhaps his only intellectual rivals of the period were St.
De secretis mulierum. Item, de virtutibus herbarum, lapidum et animalium
Contents[ edit ] Owing to both the medical and philosophical nature of the text, a variety of topics are discussed by pseudo-Albert. While some of the thirteen chapters are strictly medical such as signs of conception, period of gestation, and the nature of the menses, others are largely theoretical. For example, the author discusses at length how the planets and constellations can affect a developing fetus. Therefore, the nature of Secreta Mulierum is more accurately categorized as cosmological in focus and not medical.
Mulierum by Albertus Magnus
Both the content of the treatise and the reputation of its author erroneously believed to be Albertus Magnus inspired a few medieval scholars to compose lengthy commentaries on the text, substantial selections from which are included, providing further evidence of how medieval men interpreted science and viewed the female body. Fragmenta botanica, figuris coloratis illustrata: The botany of the Antarctic voyage of H. Anales de la Universidad central del Ecuador. Huppertz Charles and Engelmann GeorgeCorrespondence: Horti medici amstelodamensis rariorum tam Orientalis: Journal of the society for the preservation of the wild faun Beck Charles and Engelmann GeorgeCorrespondence: Dewey Chester and Engelmann GeorgeCorrespondence: Broadhead Garland and Engelmann GeorgeCorrespondence: Both the content of the treatise and the reputation of its author erroneously believed to be Albertus Magnus inspired a few medieval scholars to compose lengthy commentaries on the text, substantial selections from which are included, providing further evidence of how medieval men interpreted science and viewed the female body.
study of De Secretis Mulierum enlightens mystified men