Rabinowitch received his B. He is recognized internationally as a leading expert on the Bolsheviks, the Russian Revolution of , and the Russian civil war. Upon publication, his best-known book, The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of in Petrograd , was widely acclaimed by Western scholars as a major breakthrough in study of the Russian revolution. Initially, it was fiercely attacked by Soviet historians for its violation of mandatory canon. In this important study, praised by Western and Russian reviewers alike, Rabinowitch set for himself the twin goals of explaining how the Bolshevik party was relatively quickly "transformed into one of the most highly centralized authoritarian political organizations in modern history" and the rapidity with which the grass-roots egalitarian ideals that contributed immeasurably to its effectiveness in the struggle for power in Russia were subverted.
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Early life[ edit ] Rabinowitch was born Evgenii Isaakovich Rabinovich in Saint Petersburg ; his parents were a lawyer and pianist. Initially a supporter of the Russian Revolution, he and his family fled to Kiev and then Warsaw with the onset of the Red Terror in late In the summer he went to Marine Biological Laboratory and began to compile a bibliography on photosynthesis.
This work grew into a book published April that he wrote largely during the summers at Woods Hole. When Rabinowitch arrived in New York City , he was assisted by Selig Hecht , a man whose spontaneous sympathy, friendship and assistance were so generously given to me when I first came to America and felt lost in the human sea of New York.
Rabinowitch credits Selig Hecht with help in the early stages, and Hans Gaffron for reading the manuscript. The report recommended that nuclear energy be brought under civilian rather than military control and argued that the United States should demonstrate the atomic bomb to world leaders in an uninhabited desert or barren island before using it in combat. The social and ethical concerns expressed in the Franck Report translated into the guiding principles of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists , founded by Rabinowitch and fellow physicist Hyman Goldsmith.
According to the historian of the Pugwash Conferences , Eugene Rabinowitch was one of the first to call and work for setting up of international discussions; it is largely due to his enthusiasm and devotion that many of the events recorded here have materialized.
One example of his untiring efforts was the convening of an informal talk in September in Chicago, during a conference on nuclear physics attended by scientists from many countries. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Retrieved 12 February Scientific American. Bibcode : SciAm.
The Bolsheviks come to power - Alexander Rabinowitch
Published on the 90th anniversary of the October Revolution, The Bolsheviks in Power by Alexander Rabinowitch, emeritus professor at Indiana University, is a significant work of historical scholarship. It will serve, for many years to come, as an essential reference point for the study of the political and social aftermath of the overthrow of the bourgeois Provisional Government and the establishment of the Bolshevik regime. In contrast to so many others working in the field of Soviet studies, who have adapted themselves to the prevailing climate of intellectual dishonesty and cynicism, Professor Rabinowitch has not compromised his integrity as a scholar. In the preparation of this volume Rabinowitch has conducted an enormous amount of research that spans more than 20 years. The preface explains how he began to sketch the chapters of the present book not long after the publication of his two earlier works, Prelude to Revolution: The Petrograd Bolsheviks and the July Rising and The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of in Petrograd